Voiceless palatal approximant -
|Voiceless palatal approximant|
|IPA Number||153 402A|
|Unicode (hex)||U+006A U+030A|
The voiceless palatal approximant is a type of consonantal sound, used in a few spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ j̊ ⟩, the voiceless homologue of the voiced palatal approximant.
The palatal approximant can in many cases be considered the semivocalic equivalent of the voiceless variant of the close front unrounded vowel [i̥]. The sound is essentially an English ⟨y⟩ (as in year) pronounced without vibration of the vocal cords.
Features of the voiceless palatal approximant:
- Its manner of articulation is approximant, which means it is produced by narrowing the vocal tract at the place of articulation, but not enough to produce a turbulent airstream.
- Its place of articulation is palatal, which means it is articulated with the middle or back part of the tongue raised to the hard palate.
- Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords.
- It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
- It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
- The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.
|Jalapa Mazatec||[example needed]||Contrasts voiceless /j̊/, plain voiced /j/ and glottalized voiced /ȷ̃/ approximants.|
|Scottish Gaelic||a-muigh||[əˈmuj̊]||'outside' (directional)||Allophone of /j/ and /ʝ/. See Scottish Gaelic phonology|
|Washo||t'á:Yaŋi||[ˈťaːj̊aŋi]||'he's hunting'||Contrasts voiceless /j̊/ and voiced /j/ approximants.|
|Koyukon (Denaakk'e)||[example needed]||Contrasts voiceless /j̊/ and voiced /j/ approximants.|
- Silverman et al. (1995), p. 83.
- Bauer, Michael. "Final devoicing or Why does naoidh sound like Nɯiç?". Akerbeltz. Retrieved 11 December 2016.