Voiceless uvular trill - Voiceless uvular trill

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Voiceless uvular trill
ʀ̥
IPA Number123 402A
Encoding
X-SAMPAR\_0
Audio sample

The voiceless uvular trill is less common than its voiced counterpart.

Features

Features of the voiceless uvular trill:

  • Its manner of articulation is trill, which means it is produced by directing air over an articulator so that it vibrates.
  • Its place of articulation is uvular, which means it is articulated with the back of the tongue (the dorsum) at the uvula.
  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords. In some languages the vocal cords are actively separated, so it is always voiceless; in others the cords are lax, so that it may take on the voicing of adjacent sounds.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • It is a central consonant, which means it is produced by directing the airstream along the center of the tongue, rather than to the sides.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Baïnounk Gubëeher Some speakers[1] [example needed] Word-final allophone of /r/.
Dutch Standard Dutch goed [ʀ̥uːt] 'good' Allophone of /r/ before voiceless consonants and word-finally for speakers with an uvular /r/.[2] Realization of /r/ varies considerably among dialects. See Dutch phonology
French Belgian[3] triste [t̪ʀ̥is̪t̪œ] 'sad' Allophone of /r/ after voiceless consonants; can be a fricative [χ] instead.[3] See French phonology
German Standard[4] treten [ˈtʀ̥eːtn̩] 'to step' Possible allophone of /r/ after voiceless consonants for speakers that realize /r/ as a uvular trill [ʀ].[4] See Standard German phonology
Chemnitz dialect[5] Rock [ʀ̥ɔkʰ] 'skirt' In free variation with [ʁ̞], [ʁ], [χ] and [q]. Doesn't occur in the coda.[5]
Limburgish Hasselt dialect[6] geer [ɣeːʀ̥] 'odour' Possible word-final allophone of /r/; may be alveolar [] instead.[7]
Spanish Ponce dialect[8] perro [ˈpe̞ʀ̥o̞] 'dog' This and [χ] are the primary realizations of /r/ in this dialect.[8] See Spanish phonology

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Cobbinah (2013), p. 166.
  2. ^ Verhoeven (2005), p. 245.
  3. ^ a b Demolin (2001), pp. 65, 67-68, 70-71.
  4. ^ a b Krech et al. (2009), p. 86.
  5. ^ a b Khan & Weise (2013), p. 235.
  6. ^ Peters (2006).
  7. ^ While Peters (2006) does not state that explicitly, he uses the symbol ⟨⟩ for many instances of the word-final /r/.
  8. ^ a b "ProQuest Document View - The Spanish of Ponce, Puerto Rico: A phonetic, phonological, and intonational analysis".

References

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